Bologna, a city located in the Central Italy, is about to become the headquarters of the European weather forecast data center. Italy has always been strong in meteorology, but its ambitions to become the origin and the main base of the European weather forecast started when Bologna was selected as a new location or The European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF). The Centre was previously located in Reading, Great Britain, and was destined to move to a new place right after Brexit. The European commission has taken a decision to move ECMWF to Bologna before the 2020.
The European agreement about the ECMWF moving to Bologna has received more than 40 million euro of investments. The new European weather forecast centre will have a space of 9000 sq.m which will be completely ready before the 2020. The centre will host more than 300 researchers from more than 30 countries. It is going to be an international scientific establishment of the highest level. The new headquarters of ECMWF in Bologna will use new-age supercomputers for data collection and treatment. The data for the European weather forecast usage will be collected from different fonts such as GPS, fixed satellites, space satellites, radars, sounds and fixed meteo stations.
From the creation date in the 1970s until today ECMWF has collected an incredible quantity of data creating the world’s richest meteorological archive.
Besides, after Brexit also the major part of the Copernicus project European funds (about 500 billion euro in the 2014-2020) will be redirected to Italy as the new location of the European weather forecast hub.
Why Bologna is going to become the European weather forecast hub?
The answer is simple: because the above-mentioned piece of news is not the only novelty of the Italian meteorology.
Together with ECMWF, also in the 2020, Bologna is going to host another meteorological institution of a highest importance. “ItaliaMeteo”, a new national Italian agency of climatology and meteorology is going to take its place in the so-called Technopolis of Bologna. So the headquarters of the European centre and the national agency will actually be next door neighbours.
The idea behind the creation of the national agency of climatology and meteorology is to unite all the national meteorological capacity currently dispersed across the Italian territory. Together with the national agency a national meteorology and climatology Committee is going to be created in Bologna. The Committee will consist of 13 area experts and will represent Italy at the European conferences and meetings.